Hong Kong protest threatens to embarrass China's Communist Party on its anniversary


It should be the victorious festival of the 70th birthday of the Communist Party. Instead, Beijing faced the possibility that clashes occurred in Hong Kong at Tuesday's commemoration.

While China celebrates its growing power and confidence on the world stage with a great display of military power in Beijing, thousands of miles away in Hong Kong, "withdrawal" from the Communist Party as part of several pro-democratic demonstrations. Urged people. "

The protesters marched along the side of a broad city road, shouting slogans against China and some waving Chinese flags with black flags, challenging police captives.

The 57-year-old housewife, who went out to protest with her husband, "They are tightening our necks so that we don't breathe the air of freedom."

In Beijing, the government held its most important event of the year to defend China against growing challenges, including government-protests in Hong Kong and the damage to the trade war with the US. you you.

President Xi Jinping wore a slate-gray "Mao" suit and along with his predecessors, Hu Jintao and Jiang Zemin oversaw the exhibition of military equipment and soldiers.

To protect the military interests of China's sovereignty, security and development, and to vigorously defend world peace, Xi told a carefully selected crowd in Tianmen Square in remarks broadcast on state television.

"No force can shake China's position, or prevent the Chinese people and the nation from moving forward," Xi told the Gate of Heavenly Peace, where Mao Tse Tung founded the People's Republic of China to this day in 1949 Had.

On Monday, police in Hong Kong said they anticipated "excessive violence" in the semi-autonomous region.

"We are on the edge of extreme danger," police spokesman Ts Chun-Chung said at a press conference in Hong Kong. "It is time to stop all forms of violence."

Protests intensified the weekend before National China Day, leaving police and civilians injured. Police said protesters hurled 100 Molotov cocktails while officers responded with tear gas, water cannons, more than 300 rounds of rubber bullets and 79 sponge grenades, disturbance control forms that could cause injury or death. Eleven people were arrested on Saturday and the other 146 people were arrested on Sunday, about half of whom were students.

The first protests began in June over the conflicting bill, which has now been withdrawn but expanded to include calls for more democratic freedom over fears of increased control in Beijing.

Experts say the demonstrations have undermined national and international perceptions of China's ruling Communist Party's authority and power.

Hong Kong's 1997 takeover from Great Britain was presented as a symbol of the Communist Party's legitimacy in unifying the country, said Christopher Hughes, a professor of international relations at the London School of Economics. But with an increasing anti-Beijing sentiment in the region, legitimacy is waning.

Hubbs told NBC News, "The great message is that it is the Communist Party defending China, the Communist Party that holds China together and that is why (they) have a monopoly on power." "It has taken them to a corner now that things have gone wrong."

He said tensions question the effectiveness of the government's "one country, two systems" in one region. In theory, the model allows Hong Kong to have its own economic and administrative system free of Hong Kong interference by 2047.

But a growing number of youth appear to dismiss the model, Hughes said, especially with the uncertainty occurring in the region after 2047. "If you are a youth in Hong Kong, you want to know what the future holds for you."

But not all experts say that civil unrest is a sign of system failure. Steve Tsang, director of the China Institute at SOAS University in London, said it was also fair to oppose the fact that Hong Kong operates differently from other Chinese cities.

"Shanghai never tolerated a three-month protest. It will never happen," he said.

Experts said a political solution that involves consultation and negotiation is a better way to resolve the situation, but Tsang believes that is unlikely.

"Xi Jinping is like a hammer. If you're a hammer, everything is a nail," Tsang said. "He does not negotiate with those whom he believes to challenge his authority."

Hugh agreed, disagreed with or negotiated the principles of Chinese nationalism. "It always looks like a weakness if you actually talk to the affected people and try to come to an agreement or file an arbitration."