Fearing a second wave, Kaal State will hold online classes in the fall.

Fearing a second wave, Kaal State will hold online classes in the fall.
Fearing a second wave, Kaal State will hold online classes in the fall.

In the most radical indication of the long-term impact of coronovirus on American higher education, California State University, the nation's largest four-year public university system, said Tuesday that classes would be canceled on its 23 campuses in the fall semester. , Almost exclusively online with instructions.

The system is the first major American university to tell students that they will not return to campus in the fall. Most colleges and universities in the country tried their best to say that they intended to reopen, but they are also making backup plans for online classes.

The epidemic has had a devastating effect on the finances of colleges and universities, many of which were already battling virus-related closures. Many are worried by rising signs that a large number of students would prefer to sit in the fall semester if classes in enrollment remain virtual or demand sharp cuts.

A $ 14 billion federal bail, if experts say there is a substantial drop in enrollment, will not be enough to save some universities this spring. Experts say that personal experience is an important part of education. is more.

But Chancellor of the California State University System, Timothy P. White told the Board of Trustees on Tuesday that the risks were too great for more than 480,000 students registered in the Cal States, as they know, to return to campus in the fall. In fact, classes will continue from March onwards.

"Our university is open without restrictions and completely personal, as is the traditional norm of the past, a place where more than 500,000 people gather in a close and lively daily proximity," he said. "That attention, unfortunately, is not on the cards right now."

McGill University in Montreal, one of Canada's most prestigious universities, made a similar announcement on Monday, saying it would offer most of its courses in September.

Mr. White allowed the possibility of exceptions. If health and safety precautions are allowed, clinical classes in the nursing program may be conducted in person, he said, as are some science laboratories and other necessary instructions.

Experts said the Cal State decision could have a significant impact.

"Cal State is an exceptionally large and important university system, and many other institutions will watch this development carefully," Terry W., senior vice president of the American Council on Education. Said Hartley, a trade association of university presidents.

The Chronicle of Higher Education is keeping an eye on which US universities are planning to decline. Only a handful of schools, mostly smaller, said they are leaning toward online-only classes, including Wayne State University in Detroit, a virus point, and Sierra College outside Sacramento. Some people say they are planning a hybrid model. But the vast majority say they plan classes in person.

Brown University chair Christina Paxson said in a New York Times opinion late last month that stopping this fall "should be a national priority."

Hartley said population size, location and density can determine the role of universities.

On Monday, Bradley University in Peoria, Ill., With a population of 111,000, announced a "pledge to resume classes on campus" for about 5,000 students in the fall, saying "Bradley's average size and Peoria's short They make it easy for students. " Around the city to maintain a safe distance and avoid exposure to potentially dangerous germs. "

California's other four-year college system, the University of California, with nearly 300,000 students on 10 campuses, has not announced that its fall classes will be held online, in-person or in any combination. But faculty members say plans are being prepared for all three contingencies. The Regent is expected to meet with the board next week to discuss system-wide plans.

The country's leading infectious disease specialist, Dr. Anthony S. Fauci told a Senate panel on Tuesday that "suffering and death" may be unnecessary when states move too fast. Reopening of schools and businesses.

White, Cal State Chancellor said, academic researchers and public health experts predicted a "second small wave" of coronovirus this summer, "a very significant wave in the fall" and a second wave in the first quarter. Next year.

With no vaccine on the horizon, White told system administrators that by summer, it would be "irresponsible" to postpone decisions on in-class classes, only to be forced into hasty distance education in the fall.

It is better, he said, to plan for the best and the best in September.

"This," he said, "is our new and expensive reality."

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