What is Kawasaki disease? Letters that surfaced in connection with controversies were linked to COVID-19

What is Kawasaki disease? Letters that surfaced in connection with controversies were linked to COVID-19
What is Kawasaki disease? Letters that surfaced in connection with controversies were linked to COVID-19

More than a dozen children in New York City have developed an unexplained syndrome, believed to be related to COVID-19 according to health officials, and some patients see features of a rare disease known as Kawasaki disease .

Known as a "Multi-System Inflammatory Syndrome", which was reported in 15 youths between the ages of 15 and 15 between April 15 and May 17, May 1, Deputy Commissioner in the Disease Control Division, Drs. Demetre c. The New York City Department of Health has written in a pediatrician health warning. No child was reportedly killed.

There is a multicystic inflammatory syndrome, where the immune system emits proteins called cytokines at levels that alter physiological functions. This can cause blood vessels to leak, leading to low blood pressure. Fluid can accumulate in the lungs and other organs, and some patients require intensive care treatment to maintain their organs.

The cases were identified by the New York Department of Health after contacting pediatric intensive care units between April 29 and May 3. The patients required cardiac and / or respiratory support.

The alert came after the syndrome was reported in children in the UK. Daskalakis said the cases had been identified "elsewhere in the United States", but did not specify a location.

In New York City, four patients tested positive for coronavirus, which causes COVID-19, 10 were negative, and one was undefined and then negative. Health workers found antibodies to coronovirus in six patients who tested negative for error.

Daskalakis stated that the status of patients varied according to the organ system affected, but included Kawasaki disease and shock features. He said: "The full spectrum of the disease is not yet known."

State Health Commissioner Dr. Howard A. Zucker told New York Times officials that they were investigating the syndrome.

Last week, an infectious disease epidemiologist who worked for the World Health Organization, Drs. Maria Van Kerkhov told reporters at a press conference, "There are some rare recent descriptions of children in some European countries. This inflammatory syndrome, which is similar to Kawasaki syndrome, appears to be very rare."

What is Kawasaki disease?

Kawasaki disease is characterized by inflammation in the coronary arteries and other blood vessels. It primarily affects children around the age of two, but has also been found in some teens, according to the American Heart Association. Although all children are at risk, it is more common in descendants of Japanese and Asians. Most children with Kawasaki disease recover completely, but urgent medical attention is needed to prevent significant heart problems.

Also known as Kawasaki syndrome or mucosative lymph node syndrome, symptoms include fever, rash, feet and hands, red and irritated eyes, lymph nodes in the neck, and irritation and swelling of the mouth, lips, and throat. , American Center UU. State of Disease Control.

In New York City, patients with multi-system inflammatory syndrome all experienced fever, and more than half had rash, abdominal pain, vomiting, or diarrhea. Less than half of the people had problems with their respiratory system.

Daskalakis stated that if pediatricians suspect that a patient has mysterious inflammatory syndrome, they should immediately be referred to a specialist in pediatric infectious diseases, arthritis and / or critical care.

"Early diagnosis and treatment of patients who meet the full or partial criteria for Kawasaki disease is essential to protect the terminal organs and other long-term complications from damage," he said.

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