What is the fatal border dispute between India and China?

What is the fatal border dispute between India and China?
what happened?

At least 20 people have died in clashes between Chinese and Indian soldiers along the disputed Himalayan border in the Ladakh region of Kashmir. It is the first fatal accident after 1975 and the most serious after 1967.

The fight began on Monday night when an Indian patrol faced the Chinese army on a narrow ridge. During the confrontation, an Indian commanding officer was pushed and fell into the river pier, sources told the Guardian. Hundreds of soldiers from both sides were summoned and fought with rocks and sticks. Many died in the face of death.

The Indian Army said casualties occurred on both sides, and confirmed that three of its soldiers were killed during the fighting, and 17 others later succumbed.

Beijing refused to confirm any deaths on its part, but accused India of crossing the border twice and "inciting and attacking Chinese personnel". The editor-in-chief of the state-run Global Times said he understood that the Chinese had been casualties, but that the People's Liberation Army wanted to avoid "inflaming the public's mood" by comparing the numbers.

Because now?

Tensions have escalated since late April, when China sent thousands of troops to the disputed area along the present Line of Control (LAC), bringing in artillery and vehicles.

Analysts say the Chinese government, which has been more vocal in building infrastructure in the region, is eager to thwart any attempt by India to improve its own military installations.

Due to the refusal to leave the disputed areas within the Indian territory, including the Galvan Valley, major border areas suffered screaming, stone throwing and fights. Last month, there was a large-scale fight between the patrols, but no casualties were reported.

Earlier this month, senior military leaders from both sides met and pledged to withdraw.

What is the history of the dispute?

India and China fought a war in 1962 on their disputed border in the Himalayas. The war ended with the formation of a de facto border known as the present Line of Control.

Since then in 2013 and 2017, there has been an uneasy and delicate peace marked by skirmishes on the border.

No official border has been negotiated, the area in which the fighting took place is a hostile, high-altitude and sparsely populated area passing through the Ladakh region to the border of Tibet, home to the majority Buddhist population. It is a popular tourist destination,

What is the Line of Actual Control?

The LAC is a difficult line of demarcation that separates the Indian-controlled zone from the Chinese-controlled zone. The exact location of the sections of the line, particularly in the western region of Ladakh, remains in dispute. According to Indian media, efforts to clarify the LAC between the two countries have stalled in the last two decades.

What do both sides want?

Both countries have tried to establish their land claims by heavily militarizing the region. Both have built roads, runways, advanced stations and other infrastructure, such as phone lines. Soldiers regularly patrol the disputed border. China claims 90,000 km किमी in the eastern Himalayas and 38,000 km किमी in the west and another, both contested by India.

What will happen next?

The conflict has huge geopolitical consequences for the world. China and India are the two most populous countries on Earth, and they are both nuclear powers. They are headed by governments that operate strongly along nationalist lines and whose armies are seen as markers of status and national pride.

The last few weeks have seen both sides working back, but the loss of life makes the situation more complicated and uncertain.

Chinese state media reported that the EPL is conducting joint military exercises "aimed at destroying major hostile centers in the high-altitude mountainous region." The PLA's Tibet Military Command conducted live drills with heavy artillery on Tuesday, adding to the EPL's readiness for high-altitude combat to clash with India.

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